FTC Halts Massive Payday Loan Fraud Scheme That Bilked Consumers out of Millions
The operators of a payday lending scheme that allegedly bilked millions of dollars from consumers by trapping them into loans they never authorized will be banned from the consumer lending business under settlements with the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
The settlements stem from charges the FTC filed last year alleging that Timothy A. Coppinger, Frampton T. Rowland III, and their companies targeted online payday loan applicants and, using information from lead generators and data brokers, deposited money into those applicants' bank accounts without their permission. The FTC says that the defendants then withdrew reoccurring "finance" charges without any of the payments going to pay down the principal owed.
The court subsequently halted the operation and froze the defendants' assets pending litigation.
According to the FTC's complaint, the defendants told consumers that they had agreed to, and were obligated to pay for, the unauthorized "loans." To support their claims, the defendants provided consumers with fake loan applications or other loan documents purportedly showing that consumers had authorized the loans. If consumers closed their bank accounts to stop the unauthorized debits, the defendants often sold the "loans" to debt buyers who then harassed consumers for payment.
The defendants also allegedly misrepresented the loans' costs, even to consumers who wanted the loans. The loan documents misstated the loan's finance charge, annual percentage rate, payment schedule, and total number of payments, while burying the loans' true costs in fine print.
According to the FTC, the defendants violated the FTC Act, the Truth in Lending Act, and the Electronic Funds Transfer Act.
Under the proposed FTC settlement orders, the defendants are banned from any aspect of the consumer lending business, including collecting payments, communicating about loans, and selling debt. They are also permanently prohibited from making material misrepresentations about any good or service, and from debiting or billing consumers or making electronic fund transfers without their consent.
The settlement orders also extinguish any consumer debt that the defendants are owed, and bar them from reporting such debts to any credit reporting agency, and from selling or otherwise benefiting from customers' personal information.
The defendants in this case are Coppinger and his companies: CWB Services LLC, Orion Services LLC, Sandpoint Capital LLC, Sandpoint LLC, Basseterre Capital LLC, Basseterre Capital LLC, Namakan Capital LLC, and Namakan Capital LLC; along with Rowland and his companies: Anasazi services LLC, Anasazi Group LLC, Vandelier Group LLC, St. Armands Group LLC, Longboat Group LLC d/b/a Cutter Group, and Oread Group LLC d/b/a Mass Street Group.
Additionally, the settlement orders with the FTC impose consumer redress judgments in this case of approximately $32 million against Coppinger and his companies, and and $22 million against Rowland and his companies. The judgments against Coppinger and Rowland will be suspended upon surrender of certain assets. In each case, the full judgment will become due immediately if the defendants are found to have misrepresented their financial condition.