Three Tax Return Preparers Sentenced to Prison for Conspiracy to Defraud the Government
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Three Tax Return Preparers Sentenced to Prison for Conspiracy to Defraud the Government

April 14, 2016

Three tax return preparers based in Minneapolis, Minnesota, were sentenced to prison this week for their involvement with a fraudulent return-preparation business.

According to the U.S. Department of Justice (USDOJ), Ishmael Kosh, 39, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Amadou Sangaray, 36, of New York, New York, were convicted following a two-week jury trial in September 2015. Kosh was convicted of one count of conspiracy to defraud the United States and eight counts of aiding and assisting in the filing of false tax returns. Sangaray was convicted of one count of conspiracy to defraud the United States, four counts of aggravated identity theft and eight counts of aiding and assisting in the filing of false tax returns. Francis Saygbay, 43, of Minneapolis, failed to appear for trial, but later pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy to defraud the United States, one count of aggravated identity theft, and two counts of aiding and assisting in the preparation of false tax returns.

This week, Chief U.S. District Judge John R. Tunheim sentenced Kosh to 52 months in prison, Sangaray to 50 months in prison and Saygbay to 40 months in prison. In addition to the prison terms, Judge Tunheim also ordered each Kosh and Saygbay to serve three years of supervised release and Sangaray two years of supervised release, following their release from prison.

"As the 2016 tax filing season draws to a close, taxpayers are reminded to be wary of return preparers who make promises that seem too good to be true," said Acting Assistant Attorney General Ciraolo. "Dishonest return preparers like Messrs. Kosh, Sangaray and Saygbay cost the U.S. Treasury billions of dollars each year. Taxpayers should stay alert for the warning signs that their preparer is more interested in making a quick buck than filing an accurate tax return."

According to the evidence presented at the trial, Kosh, Sangaray, Saygbay and a fourth individual, Chatonda Khofi, 50, of St. Paul, Minnesota, established a storefront location of Primetime Tax Services Inc., a tax return preparation business in the Minneapolis area. Along with a fifth individual, David Mwangi, 47, of Arlington, Texas, the defendants prepared over 2,000 fraudulent individual income tax returns on behalf of customers of Primetime Tax Services for filing with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) for the years 2006, 2007 and 2008. The defendants also prepared approximately 1,700 fraudulent state income tax returns for filing with the state of Minnesota for those years.

At this week's sentencing hearing, Judge Tunheim found that the defendants' conduct caused a total tax loss of between $1.5 and $3.5 million.

The USDOJ says that, on the fraudulent returns, the defendants included false dependents, fake business income and losses, inflated deductions and credits and false filing status in order to obtain inflated tax returns for their customers. The defendants also bought and sold dependents for use on their customers' tax returns in order to falsely qualify their customers for inflated deductions and tax credits.

The defendants caused the fraudulently obtained tax refunds to be sent directly to Primetime Tax Services in order to maintain control over the funds. When a customer came to pick up their refund checks or debit card, the defendants sometimes demanded an additional fee in cash, and/or escorted that customer to a check cashing location or ATM, according to the USDOJ.

In November 2014, Mwangi pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy to defraud the United States and Khofi pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy to defraud the United States and one count of aggravated identity theft. They are both currently awaiting sentencing. A sixth individual associated with this scheme, Stephanie Robinson, 33, of Minneapolis, pleaded guilty in August 2013 to one count of filing a false tax return in her own name and one count of aiding and assisting in the filing of a false tax return for another individual.

Additional information about the USDOJ's Tax Division's enforcement efforts can be found on the division's website.

Find out more about choosing the right tax preparer at IRS.gov.